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Types of Arrowheads

Did you know that arrowheads are worth a small fortune! That’s in the best of cases, of course, but if you are a collector or are interested in knowing more about arrowheads, you are in luck because we’ll be sharing with you today different types of arrowheads and a lot more.

There is an overwhelming amount of arrowhead types designed by the Native Americans all over North America for thousands of years. Approximately 1,200 types have been documented.

Knowing the type of arrowhead will allow you to learn more about the history and way of life of the people who made and used them. So if, for you, arrowheads are more than a side interest, check out below different types of arrowheads, how to identify them, myths, and more.

Types of Arrowheads

Main arrowhead types include Lanceolate, Notched, Stemmed, and Miscellaneous.

The lanceolate arrowheads

Auriculate: This is a fish-shaped arrowhead that includes auricles pointing downward.
Lanceolate: These have a blade that expands out from the tip, narrowing back in near the base.
Leaf: Has a point that expands out from the tip and then narrows back in at the base.
Triangle: The blade of the triangle arrowhead extends out from the base to the tip.

Notched arrowheads

Basal Notched: These have notches that enter the body from the base of the point.
Corner Notched: Notches enter the body of the point from the corner.
Side Notched: The notches enter from the blade to the body of the point.

Stemmed arrowheads

Contracting Stem: It tapers from the shoulders to the base, and the tapers can be slight ones or very sharp ones.
Expanding Stem: The expanding stem arrowhead has a stem that actually expands instead of tapering from the shoulders to the base.
Stemmed: The stem itself is relatively straight from the shoulders to the base.

Miscellaneous arrowheads include:

Bifurcated: These come with points with a deep center notch located in the base.
Mechanical (Expanded) Blade Broadheads: The blades are retracted just before the shot close to the ferrule, and, upon impact, they expand to expose the cutting edges.
Other Shaped Lithics: Numerous other tools are not necessarily pointed like arrowheads but made of the same materials. This includes scrappers, fleshers, drills, and knives, among others.

Types of Arrowhead Points

Among the most common arrowhead points we have:

Bullet Point: Steel point used for target shooting and small game hunting.
Blunt Point: Used for small game hunting, usually made of steel, hard rubber, or plastic.
Field Point: Steel point used for target shooting and small game hunting.
JUDO Point: Designed with spring arms attached to catch in grass and leaves, preventing arrow loss; used for shooting.
Fish Point: Long, barbed or spring-loaded arrowhead spears fish and secures them until landed with an attached line.

How to Identify Different Types of Arrowheads?

By now, you can see that there are numerous types of arrowheads, and it can be a little tricky to tell them apart properly. Check out different ways of how to identify them.

Material

The materials used in creating arrowheads are usually found only in certain areas and used by specific tribes, like the Native American Indians who lived during the Stone Age. During that time, arrowheads were, for the most part, made of stones. This is helpful, especially if you’re not sure where the arrowhead was found.

Shape

Pointed stones were connected to the bolt shafts and used with a bow. Some arrowheads were secured on a handle and tossed for hitting the target like a deer or other animals. The shape is another indicator for these Indian antiques.

Construction

It’s clear to see that arrowheads were not built to look perfect. However, the way they were made is pretty outstanding, keeping in mind they were made by hand. How Indians made arrowheads it’s a clear sign of their motivation and creativity. The sharpened stone or shot point is the essential part of the bolt. Pointed stones can likewise be steamed, stemless, or indented.

Characteristics

Arrowheads can be placed on what culture and time period they were made based on their attributes. Generally, the bigger, finely made points are the most popular arrowheads. They are called lance points. The medium arrowheads that have thick points are called dart points. These are in the middle of bolts and lance, and they were utilized with an atlatl.

Area

If you know the state or area where the sharpened arrowhead was from, it will shorten the list among the 1,200 recorded types of arrowheads available as possible options.

State

Look at the general state of the sharpened stone. For instance, is it stemmed, stemless or indented? If it’s stemmed, check the state of the stem. This is more practical than having to select from thousands of possible arrowheads.

Arrowhead Myths

Myth #1: All triangular stone objects found on archaeological sites are arrowheads.

Arrowheads are only a fairly small subset of what archaeologists call projectile points which belong to a broad category of triangularly pointed tools.
There are three broad categories of these triangularly pointed tools: spear, dart or atlatl, and bow and arrow.

Myth #2: The smallest arrowheads were used for killing birds.

Experimental archaeology has shown that these tiny objects, even under half an inch in length, are sufficiently lethal to kill a deer or even larger animal.

Myth #3: The hafted tools with the round ends are meant for stunning prey rather than killing it.

Stone tools called blunt points or stunners are actually regular dart points that have been reworked so that the pointy end is a long horizontal plane. These are excellent scraping tools for working animal hides or wood, with a ready-made hafting element. The proper term for these kinds of tools is hafted scrapers.

Myth #4: There were so many projectile points because there was a lot of warfare between tribes in prehistory.

Investigation of blood residues on stone projectile points reveals that the DNA on most stone tools is from animals, not humans.

Where to buy Arrowheads?

For the collector’s heart, you can find different arrowheads options online.

7″ Flint Spearhead Arrowhead OH Collection Project Point

TYPES OF ARROWHEADS: 7" Flint Spearhead Arrowhead OH Collection Project Point

Each Arrowhead is made from beautiful natural Agate and is about 1.”

6 Piece 2 inch to 2 1/2 inch Contemporary Arrowheads

Handmade in India from agate and Jasper agate. Agate is a microcrystalline variety of quartz, characterized by its fineness of grain and brightness of color.

TYPES OF ARROWHEADS: 6 Piece 2 inch to 2 1/2 inch Contemporary Arrowheads

Features:

  • Contemporary, handmade arrowheads
  • Each item will vary in color
  • from 2″ to 2 1/2″ in length
  • Set of 6 arrowheads

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